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Friday, July 24, 2020 | History

2 edition of Radiation-induced sterility in the pink bollworm found in the catalog.

Radiation-induced sterility in the pink bollworm

Alan C. Bartlett

Radiation-induced sterility in the pink bollworm

by Alan C. Bartlett

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  • 4 Currently reading

Published by Dept. of Agriculture, Science and Education Administration, Western Region in [Berkeley, Calif.] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Pink bollworm -- Control -- United States.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Alan C. Bartlett.
    SeriesAgricultural reviews and manuals. ARM-W -- no. 1., Agricultural reviews and manuals -- 1.
    ContributionsUnited States. Science and Education Administration.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination25 p. ;
    Number of Pages25
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL15232714M

    Pink Bollworm Eradication: A Window of Opportunity The pink bollworm is a very destructive cotton insect National Cotton Council estimates pink bollworm costs Western cotton producers an estimated $ million annu-ally for prevention, control and yield losses. Fortunately, U.S. cotton producers now have access to the tools for File Size: KB. The advantages of using transgenic sterility over irradiation. Currently, reproductive sterility in insects to be used in SIT programmes is induced following their exposure to gamma radiation from a 60 Co or Cs source. Chemosterilization has also been used in the past, especially for mosquitoes, however there is a laboratory report of non-target sterility [] causing concern for the Cited by:

    Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. "Issued August "--T.p. verso.

    Radiation‐induced sterility (as related to control egg hatch) of eggs from irradiated and non‐irradiated carob moths from P and F1 generations (mean ± SD % of control egg sterility; number of replicates used in analysis in parentheses). Radiation doses of , , , , , and Gy from a 60 Co source were used. Control insects Cited by: 4. Inherited sterility induced by gamma radiation in a laboratory population of the European corn borer. J. Econ. Entomol.. 74 Barbulescu, A. and Rosca, I. (). Possibilites of using radiation induced Fi sterility control of European corn bores in Ranania. In radiation induced Fi sterility in Lepidoptera for area-wide control, pp.


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Radiation-induced sterility in the pink bollworm by Alan C. Bartlett Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Radiation-induced sterility in the pink bollworm. [Alan C Bartlett; United States.

Science and Education Administration.]. Adult males of the pink bollworm, Pectinophora gosypiella (Saunders), were irradiated with 19 and 30 krad of gamma radiation and mated with virgin, untreated females. Males treated with 19 or 30 krad of gamma radiation, at 2 to h or 48 to h postemergence, respectively, did not show reduced mating frequency compared with the untreated male controls.

Adult males of the pink bollworm, Pectinophora gosypiella (Saunders), were irradiated with 19 and 30 krad of gamma radiation and mated with virgin, untreated females.

Males treated with 19 or 30 krad of gamma radiation, at 2 to h or 48 to h postemergence, respectively, did not show reduced mating frequency compared with the untreated male.

on Inherited Sterility in Lepidoptera (caterpillars of moths). The present CRP and a previous one entitled “Radiation Induced F1 Sterility in Lepidoptera for Area-Wide Control” were initiated in response to requests from Member States for the development of environment friendly alternatives to current control of moth pests.

Radiation-induced F-1 Sterility in Lepidoptera for Area-wide Control Proceedings of the Final Research Coordination Meeting Held in Phoenix, Arizona, 9–13 September Panel Proceedings Series - International Atomic Energy Agency No.

Radiation induced F sterility in Lepidoptera for area-wide control: proceedings of the final research co-ordination meeting on radiation induced F sterility in Lepidoptera for area-wide control organized by the joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture and held in Phoenix, Arizona, September Vienna.

Rearing and gamma radiation effects on mature pupae of pink bollworm and their F 1 progeny, pp. 57– In Proceedings: Radiation Induced F 1 Sterility in Lepidoptera for Area-Wide Control. Final Research Co-ordination Meeting, Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, 9–13 SeptemberPhoenix, AZ, by: Inherited sterility.

Moth pests can be rendered sterile through high doses of radiation. However, much lower and less debilitating doses induce inherited sterility in the moths' offspring. Released males with inherited sterility suppress wild populations to a greater extent than an equal number of fully sterile males.

The effects of substerilizing doses of gamma radiation on the longevity and level of inherited sterility in the Australian moth Teia anartoides Walker were determined. Six day-old male pupae were treated with 0,and Gy of gamma radiation by using a MeV Cobalt 60 irradiation source.

Laboratory studies of male longevity showed that radiation had little impact in adult Cited by: Inherited Sterility in Insects. Radiation-induced sterility is generally a consequence of dom inant lethal mutations — in the pink bollworm by Peloquin et al. International journal of Applied Radiation and Isotopes,Vol.

22, pp. Pergarnon Press. Printed in Northern Ireland Sterilization of the Spotted Bollworm of Cotton by Gamma Radiation (Received 1 March ) Introduction THE SPOTTED bollworm of cotton, Earias vittella (F.) (fabia (Stoll)) is a destructive pest of cotton which occupies a place of the highest importance in the Cited by: 3.

Introduction. Many insects in agro‐ecosystems are considered to be major global pests causing significant economic harm. For example, the pink bollworm Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders), a specialist pest of cotton, originated in Asia and spread to America, Australasia and Africa in the 20th Century (Naranjo et al., ).It is now present in almost all cotton‐growing countries, and is Cited by: 6.

It is a challenge to bring together all relevant information about the sterile insect technique (SIT) and its application in area-wide integrated pest management (AW- IPM) programmes; this book is the first attempt to do this in a thematic way.

Since SIT practitioners tend to operate in the context of only one insect pest species, it was also a challenge for authors to develop and write their. Marjorie A. Hoy, in Insect Molecular Genetics (Fourth Edition), The pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella, became a significant cotton pest in the southwestern USA after its invasion into North America in Efforts to control it included the use of pesticides, the SIT, planting of Bacillus thuringiensis-transgenic cotton, cultural practices (shredding of diapausing larvae during the.

the pink bollworm programme in the USA, and the codling moth programme in Canada, and both of these programmes have been very successful. One approach to reduce the negative effects of radio-resistance in Lepidoptera has been the use of inherited or Fl sterility.

Fl sterility was first documented in studies on the codling Size: 16MB. They therefore require a higher dose of radiation for sterility to be induced. For example, SIT programmes for two moth pests - the cotton pest, pink bollworm.

Radiation-induced F 1 sterility in lepidopteran pests. If the parental generation of these insects was irradiated with substerilizing doses of gamma radiation, the degree of sterility would be higher than that of parental generation, and this circumstance is known as radiation-induced F 1 sterility [15, 90].Cited by: 3.

Sterility results from radiation-induced chromosomal damage in developing sperm and ovaries, causing dominant lethal mutations. The chromosomes of Lepidoptera are, however, more resistant to damage by irradiation than those of other insects [3], due to their diffuse (or holokinetic) by: Radiation in the form of particles (α or β particles and neutrons) or electromagnetic waves (gamma or X-rays) can induce biological effects in insect cells like in other living cells.

Ionization and chemical damages to organic molecules can be caused directly (mostly by particulate types of radiation) or indirectly by free radicals. Radioinduced ions and radicals, most of them coming from Author: Valter Arthur, Andre Machi, Thiago Mastrangelo.

Feasibility of integrating radiation-induced F1 sterility and biological control for population suppression of the pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella, in Pakistan.

Mark Alan Bartlett. 18 May Paperback. US$ Add to basket. A Quest For The Lost Radiation-Induced Sterility in the Pink Bollworm (Classic Reprint) Alan C Bartlett unavailable. Try AbeBooks. Radiation-Induced Sterility in the Pink Bollworm (Classic Reprint) Alan C Bartlett.

31 Jan Hardback. unavailable. Try AbeBooks.Radiation-induced sterility in the pink bollworm. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Agricultural Reviews and Manuals, Western Series, ARM-W-1/May Google ScholarCited by: The sterile insect technique (SIT) is a pest control strategy involving the mass release of radiation-sterilized insects, which reduce the target population through nonviable matings.

In Lepidoptera, SIT could be more broadly applicable if the deleterious effects of sterilization by irradiation could be avoided. Moreover, male-only release can improve the efficacy of by: